Шина при переломах конечностей

Femur fractures can be successfully immobilized through using a traction splint. The Femur fracture is complicated because of the bleeding amount coming from the broken bone. Also, the thigh muscles will shrink and pull the fractured ends so the broken bones will overlap or pass each other, which will increase the inner injury of the thigh, and leads to more blood loss, pain, and internal soft tissue injury.

Firstly, Traction splints can supply fast and safe immobilization, and provide a counter-pull to reduce the size of the thigh and realign the fractured femur; this helps to reduce blood loss, alleviate pain and minimize further injury. Traction splint is very helpful when in pre-hospital. 
The most common traction splints in the EMS field are the Hare (bipolar) and the Sager (unipolar). Traction splint is categorized as adult traction splint, child traction splint, Kendrick traction device, and fracture splint.

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Adult/ Child Traction Splint EMS-A303

The Traction Splint has been the standard for ambulance services for treating patients with suspected long bone fractures of the lower extremities.It is mainly made of aluminum alloy and the length can be adjusted .Equipped with automatic traction system of the nylon strap.

Kendrick Traction Device EMS-A302

The Kendrick Traction Device (KTD) is a lightweight splint used in a pre-hospital environment to restore anatomical alignment to the leg.It is most commonly used for fractures of the femur (thigh bone).A single person can properly apply the KTD in less than one minute.

Sam splint EMS-A404

SAM Splint can be bent into any of three simple curves, becoming extremely strong and supportive for any fractured or injured limb. The SAM Splint is incredibly lightweight (only 4.0 oz.)and no other device offers so many variations for the treatment of orthopedic emergencies. The SAM Splint has been the standard for 25 years!

Neil Roberts Stretcher EMS-A301C

Neil Robertson stretcher specifically designed for the recovery of victims in difficult and cramped situations, especially where the patient has to be raised and carried to safety. Made with canvas or PVC with wood or bamboo inside. It guarantees utmost safety for the patient also during lifting. Thanks to a robust construction and a practical storage system it becomes indispensable for rescue in: mines, industries, building sites, ships.

Adult Kendrick Extrication Device EMS-A301

The Adult Kendrick extrication device (KED extrication device, body splint) is an emergency medical rescue immobilizing device, supplying means of immobilizing and extricating patients from auto accidents or confined spaces, offers immobilization for adult or pediatric patients with suspected spinal injuries.